Mosquito control

No other organism influenced the social-economic development of humans more than mosquitoes. The transmission of pathogens and mosquito-born diseases is still a major risk factor in many regions of the world including Europe. Continuing eco- climatic changes create suitable conditions for the (re)emergence vector-borne diseases in Europe. The most significant mosquitoes for human and veterinary medicine are the mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles, Aedes and Culex. They are the carriers of many pathogens causingdiseases such as malaria, West Nile fever, Chicungunya, Dengue, Yellow fever. Mosquito control is performed in two ways: The control of larvae (application of larvicides) The control of adults (application of adulticides) Larval control can be achieved by using biological products as Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis and Bacillus sphaericus, or chemical biocides, preferable selective larvicides as Insect Growth Regulators (IGRs). The way of application could be from the ground by spraying or application of granules, or from air, when the granual formulation of larvicides are applied. Depending on the breeding sites, access to the water, the choice of the products and equipment is made. Adult form of mosquitoes are treated either by ground or air application using chemicals in ULV formulation.

Mosquito control is performed in two ways:

The control of larvae (larvicidal treatment)
The control of adult insects (adulticidni tr.)

The most common types of mosquitos are:

Anopheles maculipennis – malarial mosquito
Aedes vexans – yellow fever mosquito
Culex pipiens – a mosquito plain
Aedes albopictus – tiger mosquito